such an attitude^ and at length the British Government began to give a
certain limited measure of supplies.*
It seemed that Moscow also experienced a little uneasiness under the
barrage of the World Press which published the news that the Soviet
Government had quite simply refused to help Warsaw, For her defence^
Moscow stated that she cc had not been informed J5 of the intentions of the
Polish Home Army and pointed out the cc impossibility " of helping the
insurgents, since €< they were only occupying isolated buildings and any
supplies dropped would not benefit them but the Germans." A state-
ment which was to be proved incorrect when General Bor^ in his com-
munique on August 13, declared that: " . . . owing to British supplies
dropped in the course of the night, (we) were able to make an offensive
action., aimed at engaging some of the enemy units attacking the Old
Town." Regarding Moscow's argument^ the Polish Government, in a
statement on August 31, quoted facts which proved that the Kremlin
had been fully informed at the time.
" On July 313 on the eve of the outbreak of the rising in Warsaw, the
Polish Prime Minister informed M. Molotov3 during their first conversation
in the Kremlin^ that this action was to be expected soon. On August 23
the British authorities forwarded to Moscow a telegram from General B6r,
dated August 1, in which he said : ŁAs the struggle for Warsaw has begun.,
I ask you to bring about immediate assistance from the Soviet side by means
of an immediate thrust from the outside.'
" On August 2; M. Mikolajczyk personally approached Marshal Stalin
with the request that assistance should be given to fighting Warsaw and
obtained definite promises from him that Soviet liaison officers were to be
sent to the city.
" On August 55 the Soviet Captain Kalugin, who arrived in Warsaw and
approached the Polish Command, sent, through that Command^ a telegram
to his headquarters which was transmitted to Moscow to Marshal Stalin.
6 ... I am in personal contact with the Command of the Warsaw garrison,
who is leading the heroic partisan fight of the nation against the Hitlerite bandits.
After acquainting myself with the general military situation^ I came to the
conclusion that, in spite of the heroism of the Army and the entire Warsaw
population^ there are still needs which, if made good, would permit a speedier
victory over a common foe (the specification of arms and ammunition followed).
The German Air Force is destroying the city and killing the civilians. The
heroic population of Warsaw trusts that> in a few hours3 time you will give
them armed support.9
" This telegram was forwarded to Moscow through the British authori-
ties on August 8. On August 9> the British again forwarded to Moscow a
telegram from Commander of the Home Army addressed to Marshal
Rokossovsky. This telegram suggested co-ordinated action and asked for
help for Warsaw.
" On August 10 a cable was sent to Moscow^ through the British military
mission there, giving a list of the places suggested for the dropping of arms
* Glasgow Heralds August 10^ quoted the message of the "Scottish Committee
for Polish Freedom" sent to Churchill and Eden :—"We have learned with regret
of the refusal of the British and Russian Governments to provide them (the
Poles in Warsaw) with food and ammunition."